Nucleotide Exchange Factors for Hsp70 Chaperones
Authors: Rampelt H, Mayer MP, Bukau B
CellNetworks People: Bukau Bernd, Mayer Matthias
Journal: Methods Mol Biol. 2018;1709:179-188. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7477-1_13.

The ATPase cycle of Hsp70 chaperones controls their transient association with substrates and thus governs their function in protein folding. Nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs) accelerate ADP release from Hsp70, which results in rebinding of ATP and release of the substrate, thereby regulating the lifetime of the Hsp70-substrate complex. This chapter describes several methods suitable to study NEFs of Hsp70 chaperones. On the one hand, steady-state ATPase assays provide information on how the NEF influences progression of the Hsp70 through the entire ATPase cycle. On the other hand, nucleotide release can be measured directly using labeled nucleotides, which enables identification and further characterization of NEFs.