Redox regulation of peptide receptivity of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules by ERp57 and tapasi
Authors: Kienast A, Preuss M, Winkler M, Dick TP.
CellNetworks People: Dick Tobias
Journal: Nat Immunol. 2007 Aug;8(8):864-72

The function of the oxidoreductase ERp57 in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I peptide-loading complex has remained elusive. Here we show that in the absence of tapasin, the alpha2 disulfide bond in the MHC class I peptide-binding groove was rapidly reduced. Covalent sequestration of ERp57 by tapasin was needed to protect the alpha2 disulfide bond against reduction and thus to maintain the binding groove in a peptide-receptive state. Allelic variations in MHC class I tapasin dependency reflected their susceptibility to reduction of the alpha2 disulfide bond. In the absence of sequestration, ERp57 acted directly on the alpha2 disulfide bond. Our work provides insight into how the immune system customizes 'quality control' in the endoplasmic reticulum to fit the needs of antigen presentation.