PIAS-homologue Siz2 regulates perinuclear telomere position and telomerase activity in budding yeast
|Authors:||Ferreira HC, Luke B, Schober H, Kalck V, Lingner J, Gasser SM.|
|CellNetworks People:||Luke Brian|
|Journal:||Nat Cell Biol. 2011 Jun 12. doi: 10.1038/ncb2263.|
Budding yeast telomeres are reversibly bound at the nuclear envelope through two partially redundant pathways that involve the Sir2/3/4 silencing complex and the Yku70/80 heterodimer. To better understand how this is regulated, we studied the role of SUMOylation in telomere anchoring. We find that the PIAS-like SUMO E3 ligase Siz2 sumoylates both Yku70/80 and Sir4 in vivo and promotes telomere anchoring to the nuclear envelope. Remarkably, loss of Siz2 also provokes telomere extension in a telomerase-dependent manner that is epistatic with loss of the helicase Pif1. Consistent with our previously documented role for telomerase in anchorage, normal telomere anchoring in siz2 Δ is restored by PIF1 deletion. By live-cell imaging of a critically short telomere, we show that telomeres shift away from the nuclear envelope when elongating. We propose that SUMO-dependent association with the nuclear periphery restrains bound telomerase, whereas active elongation correlates with telomere release.