Phosphorylation of components of the ER translocation site
Authors: Gruss OJ, Feick P, Frank R, Dobberstein B.
CellNetworks People: Gruss Oliver, Dobberstein Bernhard
Journal: Eur J Biochem. 1999 Mar;260(3):785-93.

In many eukaryotic cells, protein secretion is regulated by extracellular signalling molecules giving rise to increased intracellular Ca2+ and activation of kinases and phosphatases. To test whether components involved in the first step of secretion, the translocation of proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, are regulated by Ca2+-dependent phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, we have investigated the effect of Ca2+ on kinases associated with the rough ER. Using purified rough microsomes from dog pancreas we found that Ca2+-dependent isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) are associated with the rough ER and phosphorylate essential components of the protein translocation machinery. Phosphorylation of microsomal proteins by PKCs increased protein translocation efficiency in vitro. We also found that proteins of the translocation machinery became phosphorylated in intact cells. This suggests a further level of regulation of protein translocation across the ER membrane.