Molecular basis for the functional interaction of dynein light chain with the nuclear pore complex
|Authors:||Stelter P, Kunze R, Flemming D, Höpfner D, Diepholz M, Philippsen P, Böttcher B, Hurt E.|
|CellNetworks People:||Hurt Ed|
|Journal:||Nat Cell Biol. 2007 Jul;9(7):788-96.|
Nucleocytoplasmic transport occurs through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) embedded in the nuclear envelope. Here, we discovered an unexpected role for yeast dynein light chain (Dyn2) in the NPC. Dyn2 is a previously undescribed nucleoporin that functions as molecular glue to dimerize and stabilize the Nup82-Nsp1-Nup159 complex, a module of the cytoplasmic pore filaments. Biochemical analyses showed that Dyn2 binds to a linear motif (termed DID(Nup159)) inserted between the Phe-Gly repeat and coiled-coil domain of Nup159. Electron microscopy revealed that the reconstituted Dyn2-DID(Nup159) complex forms a rigid rod-like structure, in which five Dyn2 homodimers align like 'pearls on a string' between two extented DID(Nup159) strands. These findings imply that the rigid 20 nm long Dyn2-DID(Nup159) filament projects the Nup159 Phe-Gly repeats from the Nup82 module. Thus, it is possible that dynein light chain plays a role in organizing natively unfolded Phe-Gly repeats within the NPC scaffold to facilitate nucleocytoplasmic transport.