IKK mediates ischemia-induced neuronal death
Authors: Herrmann O, Baumann B, de Lorenzi R, Muhammad S, Zhang W, Kleesiek J, Malfertheiner M, Köhrmann M, Potrovita I, Maegele I, Beyer C, Burke JR, Hasan MT, Bujard H, Wirth T, Pasparakis M, Schwaninger M.
CellNetworks People: Schwaninger Markus
Journal: Nat Med. 2005 Dec;11(12):1322-9.

The IkappaB kinase complex IKK is a central component of the signaling cascade that controls NF-kappaB-dependent gene transcription. So far, its function in the brain is largely unknown. Here, we show that IKK is activated in a mouse model of stroke. To investigate the function of IKK in brain ischemia we generated mice that contain a targeted deletion of Ikbkb (which encodes IKK2) in mouse neurons and mice that express a dominant inhibitor of IKK in neurons. In both lines, inhibition of IKK activity markedly reduced infarct size. In contrast, constitutive activation of IKK2 enlarged the infarct size. A selective small-molecule inhibitor of IKK mimicked the effect of genetic IKK inhibition in neurons, reducing the infarct volume and cell death in a therapeutic time window of 4.5 h. These data indicate a key function of IKK in ischemic brain damage and suggest a potential role for IKK inhibitors in stroke therapy.