The Bruchpilot cytomatrix determines the size of the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles
Authors: Matkovic T, Siebert M, Knoche E, Depner H, Mertel S, Owald D, Schmidt M, Thomas U, Sickmann A, Kamin D, Hell SW, Bürger J, Hollmann C, Mielke T, Wichmann C, Sigrist SJ
CellNetworks People: Hell Stefan
Journal: J Cell Biol. 2013 Aug 19;202(4):667-83. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201301072

Synaptic vesicles (SVs) fuse at a specialized membrane domain called the active zone (AZ), covered by a conserved cytomatrix. How exactly cytomatrix components intersect with SV release remains insufficiently understood. We showed previously that loss of the Drosophila melanogaster ELKS family protein Bruchpilot (BRP) eliminates the cytomatrix (T bar) and declusters Ca(2+) channels. In this paper, we explored additional functions of the cytomatrix, starting with the biochemical identification of two BRP isoforms. Both isoforms alternated in a circular array and were important for proper T-bar formation. Basal transmission was decreased in isoform-specific mutants, which we attributed to a reduction in the size of the readily releasable pool (RRP) of SVs. We also found a corresponding reduction in the number of SVs docked close to the remaining cytomatrix. We propose that the macromolecular architecture created by the alternating pattern of the BRP isoforms determines the number of Ca(2+) channel-coupled SV release slots available per AZ and thereby sets the size of the RRP.