The exosome is recruited to RNA substrates through specific adapter proteins
Authors: Thoms M, Thomson E, Baßler J, Gnädig M, Griesel S, Hurt E
CellNetworks People: Hurt Ed
Journal: Cell. 2015 Aug 27;162(5):1029-38. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.07.060.

The exosome regulates the processing, degradation, and surveillance of a plethora of RNA species. However, little is known about how the exosome recognizes and is recruited to its diverse substrates. We report the identification of adaptor proteins that recruit the exosome-associated helicase, Mtr4, to unique RNA substrates. Nop53, the yeast homolog of the tumor suppressor PICT1, targets Mtr4 to pre-ribosomal particles for exosome-mediated processing, while a second adaptor Utp18 recruits Mtr4 to cleaved rRNA fragments destined for degradation by the exosome. Both Nop53 and Utp18 contain the same consensus motif, through which they dock to the "arch" domain of Mtr4 and target it to specific substrates. These findings show that the exosome employs a general mechanism of recruitment to defined substrates and that this process is regulated through adaptor proteins.