Iron regulatory protein 1 sustains mitochondrial iron loading and function in frataxin deficiency
2015
Authors: Martelli A, Schmucker S, Reutenauer L, Mathieu JR, Peyssonnaux C, Karim Z, Puy H, Galy B, Hentze MW, Puccio H
CellNetworks People: Hentze Matthias
Journal: Cell Metab. 2015 Feb 3;21(2):311-22. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2015.01.010

Mitochondrial iron accumulation is a hallmark of diseases associated with impaired iron-sulfur cluster (Fe-S) biogenesis, such as Friedreich ataxia linked to frataxin (FXN) deficiency. The pathophysiological relevance of the mitochondrial iron loading and the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Using a mouse model of hepatic FXN deficiency in combination with mice deficient for iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1), a key regulator of cellular iron metabolism, we show that IRP1 activation in conditions of Fe-S deficiency increases the available cytosolic labile iron pool. Surprisingly, our data indicate that IRP1 activation sustains mitochondrial iron supply and function rather than driving detrimental iron overload. Mitochondrial iron accumulation is shown to depend on mitochondrial dysfunction and heme-dependent upregulation of the mitochondrial iron importer mitoferrin-2. Our results uncover an unexpected protective role of IRP1 in pathological conditions associated with altered Fe-S metabolism.