Microscopy-Based High-Content Screening
2015
Authors: Boutros M, Heigwer F, Laufer C
CellNetworks People: Boutros Michael
Journal: Cell. 2015 Dec 3;163(6):1314-25. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.11.007

Image-based screening is used to measure a variety of phenotypes in cells and whole organisms. Combined with perturbations such as RNA interference, small molecules, and mutations, such screens are a powerful method for gaining systematic insights into biological processes. Screens have been applied to study diverse processes, such as protein-localization changes, cancer cell vulnerabilities, and complex organismal phenotypes. Recently, advances in imaging and image-analysis methodologies have accelerated large-scale perturbation screens. Here, we describe the state of the art for image-based screening experiments and delineate experimental approaches and image-analysis approaches as well as discussing challenges and future directions, including leveraging CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome engineering.